Flag: 22nd Alabama Infantry
Catalogue No. 86.2759.1
(PN10099-10101)

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Provenance Reconstruction:

According to Christopher Bailey, who had served with Co. H, 22nd Alabama Infantry, the first flag received by the regiment was a silk banner presented in October or November 1861 by the ladies of Montgomery. He also claimed that a second flag was presented in May or June 1862, when the regiment was passing through Montgomery, and that this flag was captured at the Battle of Chickamauga. However the flag captured at Chickamauga bears embroidered battle honors for Shiloh (April 6, 1862) and Murfreesboro (Dec. 31, 1862-January 1, 1863).1

This flag was captured on Sunday, September 20, 1863 during the Battle of Chickamauga by the men of the 121st Ohio Infantry. The flag was taken to Ohio where it was eventually displayed in the State Capitol.

On July 15, 1911, Dr. Thomas Owen, Director, Alabama Department of Archives and History, wrote the Governor of Ohio inquiring about the flag. He noted that it was displayed with a caption reading "captured by Solomon Fish, 121st Ohio." In the reply to Owen it was noted that the flag was displayed in "the Flag Room in the State Capitol." Owen was later informed that it would require a resolution of the Ohio Legislature in order to return the flag. Owen replied that he was willing to proceed through proper channels. For some reason, the expected action never took place.

In 1972, H. Michael Madaus of the Milwaukee Public Museum informed Archives' Director Milo Howard of the discovery of the flag, during a research trip to Ohio. The flag was returned to the State of Alabama during official ceremonies on November 11, 1972.

This flag received conservation treatment and was prepared for display by Textile Preservation Associates, Inc. of Sharpsburg, Maryland in January 1992.

Sources:
       Curator's Object Files, Civil War Flags, Alabama Department of Archives and History. Long, E. B. The Civil War Day By Day, An Almanac 1861-1865. Garden City, New York, 1971.
       Madaus, Howard Michael. The Battle Flags of the Confederate Army of Tennessee. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1976.
       U.S. War Department. War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.


1These battle honors were applied at the time the flag was manufactured.

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Updated: October 25, 2006