This regiment was organized at Loachapoka, April 15, 1862. It went thence to Tupelo, and was placed - with the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-eight Alabama, and two South Carolina regiments - in Manigault's brigade, Wither's division. The regiment moved into Kentucky, but was not under fire during the campaign. It was with the main army when it took position at Murfreesboro, and lost very heavily on its first battlefield. The remainder of the winter was passed near Tullahoma, and the Thirty-fourth withdrew with the army to the Chattanooga line. At Chicamauga the regiment again lost largely in killed and wounded, and at Mission Ridge many of its number were captured. It wintered and recruited for the great campaign of 1864 at Dalton, and began "The Hundred Days' Battle" in the spring. From Dalton to Atlanta, the Thirty-fourth shared fully in the operations of the historic Army of Tennessee, and in the battles of Jully 22d and July 28th at Atlanta its losses were particularly large. At Jonesboro its casualties were few, but then came the expedition into Tennessee, and though the Thirty-fourth escaped the severest part of the battle of Franklin, at Nashville its already depleted ranks were almost swept away. With the wreck of the army it passed into the Carolinas, where it skirmished at Kinston and lost severely at Bentonville. Consolidated with the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-eighth, about 100 of the 1000 men with which the Thirty-fourth took the field were surrendered at High Point, North Carolina.
Colonel - Julius C.B. Mitchell of Montgomery; detached.
Lieutenant Colonels - James W. Echols of Macon; resigned. J.C. Carter of Montgomery; wounded at Murfreesboro.
Majors - Henry McCoy of Tallapoosa; resigned. John N. Slaughter of Coosa; wounded at Atlanta.
Adjutants - John E. Burch of Montgomery; captured at Nashville. James P. Brenan of Montgomery.
Coosa and Montgomery - Thomas Mitchell; resigned. R.G. Welch; wounded at Chicamauga.
Coosa - John N. Slaughter; promoted. E.B. Wood; captured at Mission Ridge. Lieut. M. Lambert commanded.
Coosa - Jas. M. Willis; resigned. W.G. Oliver; wounded at Jonesboro.
Tallapoosa - W.H. Holstein; wounded.
Tallapoosa - M.F. Fielder; resigned. John R. Colquitt; wounded at Atlanta.
Tallapoosa - J. Frank Ashurst; resigned. Henry J. Ricks.
Tallapoosa - .... Pinckard; resigned. J. Maxey Smith; wounded at Atlanta.
Montgomery - John C. Carter; promoted. Lieut. F.H. Cobb commanded.
Russell - J.B. Bickerstaff; killed at Murfreesboro. John S. Burch; wounded at Atlanta.
Russell - Henry M. Crowder; resigned. William Johnson; resigned. Joseph M. Simms.