Alabama Symbols, Emblems, and Honors
Alabama State Flower
In 1927 a bill was introduced in the Alabama Legislature by Representative T. E. Martin, of Montgomery County, making the goldenrod the state flower. This became law on September 6, 1927, the same day that the Yellowhammer became the state bird.
On August 26, 1959, the state flower was changed to the camellia. Ladies in Butler County preferred the camellia since the goldenrod is a wildflower. They called the goldenrod a weed.
Because there are several types of camellia, in June 1999, the Legislature designated that the camellia, Camellia japonica L., is the official state flower of Alabama. On the same day Alabama also chose a state wildflower since the camellia is not a native plant.
For more information see: http://www.floridata.com/ref/c/cam_jap.cfm
Act 27-541, Acts of Alabama, September 6, 1927
Act 59-124, Acts of Alabama, August 26, 1959
Act 99-313, Acts of Alabama, June 1, 1999
Alabama State Emblems, Alabama Department of Archives and History, nd.
"Flower, State" folder, Alabama Department of Archives & History Public Information Subject File - General
Updated: January 22, 2010