Alabama Symbols, Emblems, and Honors

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Official Alabama Amphibian

Red Hills Salamander


photo of Red Hills Salamander



The Red Hills Salamander is the official state amphibian of Alabama. This salamander is rarely seen and is thought to exist only in these south Alabama counties: Butler, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Covington and Monroe.


The Red Hills salamander has a dark brown tail and body, and grows to approximately ten inches in length. The salamander's diet consists of insects and spiders.


Since 1976 the Red Hills Salamander has been under federal protection because it is near extinction. Under the Endangered Species Act, habitat for the Red Hills Salamander cannot be damaged or changed without a special permit.


For more information see:
NatureServe Explorer

Endangered Species Program


Act 2000-232, Acts of Alabama, April 13, 2000
Outdoor Alabama, LXXII, No. 2, 34.


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Updated: April 28, 2010