Year of Alabama History



October 18, 1540




















October 18, 1916









October 20, 1832







October 22, 1821










Students at the Alabama Girls Industrial School in Montevallo, Alabama

This Week in Alabama History

October 18 - October 24




Featured Event:

The largest Indian battle in North America occurs at the village of Mabila (or Mauvila) between Hernando de Soto’s Spaniards and Chief Tuscaloosa’s (or Tascaluza’s) warriors. Accounts vary, but most agree that the Indian village and most of its more than 2,000 inhabitants were destroyed. The exact location of this battle has eluded researchers for centuries.


Listen: Click the play button below to hear Archives Staff discuss this event on Alabama Public Radio.

Other Events this Week

A strong earthquake occurs around 4 p.m. in an unnamed fault east of Birmingham, with the epicenter near Easonville in St. Clair County. The earthquake caused buildings to sway in downtown Birmingham and tied up all phone lines in the city with 25,000 calls recorded at the main exchange in the hour following the quake. Two additional weaker tremors were reported that evening.


Representatives of the Chickasaw Indians sign the Treaty of Pontotoc, thereby ceding "all the land which they own on the east side of the Mississippi river" to the United States. That land included a portion of northwest Alabama.


The steamboat Harriet reaches Montgomery after ten days of travel from Mobile. This was the first successful attempt to navigate so far north on the Alabama River and opened river trade between Montgomery and Mobile.