Year of Alabama History



March 10, 1948









March 9, 1964










March 10, 1890








March 11, 1861









March 13, 1887















March 14, 1780








This Week in Alabama History

March 8 - 14




Featured Event:

Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald--Montgomery belle, writer, artist, and (with her husband, F. Scott Fitzgerald) icon of the Jazz Age--dies in a hospital fire in Asheville, North Carolina.



Other Events this Week

In the Alabama case New York Times v. Sullivan the U.S. Supreme Court hands down a landmark free speech decision. A Montgomery city commissioner, L. B. Sullivan, had sued the Times for running a factually inaccurate ad that criticized the city's handling of civil rights demonstrators. Citing the First Amendment the court ruled against Sullivan, thereby strengthening the right to freely criticize government.


Juliet Opie Hopkins dies. Hopkins served as the Superintendent of Civil War Hospitals established in Richmond by the State of Alabama during the Civil War. She became a Confederate heroine for her efforts and her portrait even appeared on Alabama state bank notes during the Civil War years.


The Confederate Congress, meeting in Montgomery, adopts a permanent constitution for the Confederate States of America to replace the provisional constitution adopted the previous month. The seceded states then ratified the essentially conservative document, which was based largely on the United States Constitution.


Fugitive State Treasurer Isaac "Honest Ike" Vincent is arrested on a train in Big Sandy, Texas, and is returned to Alabama for trial. Four years earlier Vincent had absconded with more than $225,000 in state funds unaccounted for. Vincent was tried and convicted of embezzlement and sentenced to fifteen years in the state penitentiary.


Listen: Click the play button below to hear Archives Staff discuss this event on Alabama Public Radio.


After only a day of resistance the British commander at Fort Charlotte surrenders Mobile to Spain. The city remained under Spanish control until the War of 1812 when the United States took it over, adding it to the Mississippi Territory.