-->

Alabama Governors

The Current Governor:

Historical Gubernatorial Inauguration Facts

 

With the inauguration of Robert Bentley, fifty-three persons have served as governor of the State of Alabama (not counting those who served as acting governor or post-Civil War military governor).

 
NumberGovernor Elected
County
Term
Political Party
52Bob RileyClay 2003-2011 Republican
51Don Siegelman
Mobile
1999-2003
Democrat
 Forrest "Fob" James
Lee
1/16 1995-1999
Republican
50 James E. Folsom, Jr.
Cullman
April 22,1993-1995
Democrat
 (Lieutenant Governor Jim Folsom, Jr. became governor upon conviction of Guy Hunt for ethics violations)
49Guy Hunt
Cullman
1/19 1987-April 22, 1993
Republican
 George C. Wallace
Barbour
1/17 1983-1987
Democrat
48Forrest "Fob" James
Lee
1/15 1979-1983
Democrat
 Jere Beasley
Barbour
June 5-July 7,1972
***Democrat
 (Lieutenant Governor Jere Beasley became acting governor while Governor George Wallace was in a Maryland hospital for more than 20 days recovering from an assassination attempt)
 George C. Wallace
Barbour
1/18 1971-1979
Democrat
47Albert P. Brewer
Morgan
5/7 1968-1971
Democrat
  (Lieutenant Governor Albert Brewer became acting governor for a portion of one day as Governor Lurleen Wallace received medical treatment out-of-state for more than 20 days. He became governor upon the death of Lurleen Wallace)
46Lurleen B. Wallace
Tuscaloosa
1/16 1967-1968
Democrat
45George C. Wallace
Barbour
1/14 1963-1967
Democrat
44John Patterson
Russell
1/19 1959-1963
Democrat
 James E. Folsom
Cullman
1/17 1955-1959
Democrat
43Gordon Persons
Montgomery
1/15 1951-1955
Democrat
42James E. Folsom
Cullman
1/20 1947-1951
Democrat
41 Chauncey Sparks
Barbour
1/19 1943-1947
Democrat
40Frank M. Dixon
Jefferson
1/17 1939-1943
Democrat
 Bibb Graves
Montgomery
1/14 1935-1939
Democrat
39Benjamin M. Miller
Wilcox
1/19 1931-1935
Democrat
38Bibb Graves
Montgomery
1/17 1927-1931
Democrat
 Charles McDowell
Barbour
July 10-11, 1924***
Democrat
  (Lieutenant Governor Charles McDowell became acting governor when Gov. Brandon spent 21 days in New York City chairing the state delegation to the 1924 Democratic Convention. According to the 1901 Constitution, if the governor is out of the state more than 20 days, the lieutenant governor becomes acting governor)
37William W. Brandon
Tuscaloosa
1/15 1923-1927
Democrat
36Thomas E. Kilby
Calhoun
1/20 1919-1923
Democrat
35Charles Henderson
Pike
1/18 1915-1919
Democrat
34 Emmet O'Neal
Lauderdale
1/17 1911-1915
Democrat
33Braxton B. Comer
Jefferson
1/14 1907-1911
Democrat
 Russell Cunningham
Jefferson
April 25, 1904-March 5, 1905
Democrat
  (Lieutenant Governor** Russell Cunningham became acting governor during Governor Jelks' illness)
32William D. Jelks
Barbour
6/11 1901-1907
Democrat
  (President of Senate, William Jelks became governor upon the death of Governor Samford: subsequently he was elected to a four-year term as governor)
31William J. Samford
Lee
12/26 1900-1901
Democrat
 William D. Jelks
Barbour
December 1-26, 1900
Democrat
  (President of the Senate, William Jelks became acting governor because Governor William Samford sought medical treatment out-of-state during the initial days of his administration which began December 1, 1900)
30Joseph F. Johnston
Jefferson
12/1 1896-1900

29William C. Oates
Henry
12/1 1894-1896
Democrat
28Thomas G. Jones
Montgomery
12/1 1890-1894
Democrat
27Thomas Seay
Hale
12/1 1886-1890
Democrat
26Edward A. O'Neal
Lauderdale
12/1 1882-1886
Democrat
25Rufus W. Cobb
Shelby
11/28 1878-1882
Democrat
24George S. Houston
Limestone
11/24 1874-1878
Democrat
23David P. Lewis
Madison
11/17 1872-1874
Republican
22Robert B. Lindsay
Colbert
11/26 1870-1872
Democrat
21William H. Smith
Randolph
7/24 1868-1870
Republican
 Wager Swayne
Montgomery
1867-1868

  (Appointed military governor)
20Robert M. Patton
Lauderdale
12-13 1865 December - 1867
Pre-War Whig
19Lewis E. Parsons
Talladega
1865 June - December
Democrat
  (Appointed provisional governor)
18Thomas H. Watts
Montgomery
12/1 1863-1865
Democrat
17John G. Shorter
Barbour
12/2 1861-1863
Democrat
16Andrew B. Moore
Perry
12/1 1857-1861
Democrat
15John A. Winston
Sumter
12/20 1853-1857
Democrat
14Henry W. Collier
Tuscaloosa
12/17 1849-1853
Democrat
13Reuben Chapman
Madison
12/16 1847-1849
Democrat
12Joshua L. Martin
Tuscaloosa
12/10 1845-1847
Democrat
11Benjamin Fitzpatrick
Autauga
11/22 1841-1845
Democrat
10Arthur P. Bagby
Monroe
11/22 1837-1841
Democrat
9Hugh McVay
Lauderdale
7/17 - 11/22 1837
Democrat
 (President of the Senate, Hugh McVay became governor upon Governor Clay's appointment to the U.S. Senate)
8Clement Comer Clay
Madison
11/21 1835-1837
Democrat
7John Gayle
Greene
11/26 1831-1835
Democrat/Whig
6Samuel B. Moore
Jackson
3/3 1831
Democrat
 (President of the Senate, Samuel Moore became governor upon Governor Gabriel Moore's election to the U.S. Senate)
5Gabriel Moore Madison11/25 1829-1831 Democrat
4John Murphy
Monroe
11/25 1825-1829
Democrat
3Israel Pickens
Greene
11/9 1821-1825
Democrat
2Thomas Bibb
Limestone
7/25 1820-1821
Democrat
 (President of the Senate, Thomas Bibb became governor upon the death of his brother Governor William Bibb)
1William Wyatt Bibb
Autauga
11/9 1819-1820
Democrat


NOTES:
* Initially, the governor served a two-year term. The Alabama Constitution of 1901 set the term at four years and prohibited a governor from serving two consecutive terms. Constitutional Amendment No. 282, ratified in 1968, allows the governor to serve two consecutive terms.
** The Constitution of 1901 designated the lieutenant governor as next in line to succeed the governor followed by the president pro tem of the Senate.
*** The Constitution of 1901 states that if the governor is absent from the state for more than 20 days, then the lieutenant governor shall assume the powers and duties of the governor until his return.

Authorities:
Gubernatorial Election Results, Secretary of State's Office.
Rogers, William Warren et al., Alabama: The History of a Deep South State, 1994.